A fatwÄ (Arabic: ÙØªÙÙâ; plural fatÄwÄ Arabic: ÙØªØ§ÙÙâ) in the Islamic faith is a juristic ruling concerning Islamic law issued by an Islamic scholar. In Sunni Islam any fatwÄ is non-binding, depending on his or her relation to the scholar. The person who issues a fatwÄ is called, in that respect, a mufti, i.e. an issuer of fatwÄ, from the verb Ø£ÙÙÙØªÙÙ 'aftÄ = "he gave a formal legal opinion on". This is not necessarily a formal position since most Muslims argue that anyone trained in Islamic law may give an opinion (fatwÄ) on its teachings. If a fatwÄ does not break new ground, then it is simply called a ruling. Fiqh (Arabic: ÙÙÙâ [fiqh]) is Islamic jurisprudence. Fiqh is an expansion of the code of conduct (Sharia) expounded in the Quran, often supplemented by tradition (Sunnah) and implemented by the rulings and interpretations of Islamic jurists.